12 Sep 2022

How to calculate the payback period Definition & Formula

payback period formula

And the more granular you can get with payback period segmentation, the easier it is to gut-check your go-to-market efforts and make strategic decisions. Despite these limitations, discounted payback period methods can help with decision-making. It’s a simple way to compare different investment options and to see if an investment is worth pursuing. While you know up front you’ll save a lot of money by purchasing a building, you’ll also want to know how long it will take to recoup your initial investment.

Having a scaled pricing model ensures they spend more to access more of your service. Promoting technical support, training or paid-for research represent other new revenue streams. Anything that increases a customer’s spend will see their payback period reduce. The payback period does not account for customer churn nor the time value of money.

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The easiest method to audit and understand is to have all the data in one table and then break out the calculations line by line. In Business, Knowledge is PowerBuild a solid command of core business terms, concepts, principles, and skills. Brand Loyalty and Brand Equity—The Ultimate PayoffSuccessful branding is why the Armani name signals style, exclusiveness, desirability. Branding is why the Harley Davidson name makes a statement about owner lifestyle. Strong branding ultimately pays off in customer loyalty, competitive edge, and bankable brand equity.

  • A good CAC payback period in a SaaS company occurs in 12 months or less, with some companies aiming as low as 5-7 months.
  • This concept states that money would be worth more today than the same amount in the future, due to depreciation and earning potential.
  • Simply put, it is the length of time an investment reaches a breakeven point.
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  • For example, a customer that costs $350 to acquire and contributes $25/month, or $300/year, has a payback period of 13.9 months.

Or you may have extremes of customers – from those who join at a heavily discounted price, to those who cost relatively more but that are likely to stay for longer. By aggregating them all together, you can skew the calculation and get a misleading measurement. The break-even point measures the profitability of an investment opportunity, while the payback period measures the speed of a project. However, there is no such thing as a payback period without a break-even point. For instance, if it costs $1 million to build a product and makes $60,000 profit before 30% tax but after depreciation of 10%, the payback period will be as follows.

Significance and Use of Payback Period Formula

You can then focus on the channels that will help your company grow. Two things impact payback period; how much a new customer costs to acquire (CAC), and how much they spend. The CAC of a customer never changes (though it can change from customer to customer), but how much they spend can. But variables are two ways things, and if MRR starts to drop (MRR Churn), it’s going to take longer to turn your customers profitable. Breaking down the payback period beyond the average for all of your customers will help you shape different ways to make acquisition more efficient.

Payback period is defined as the number of years required to recover the original cash investment. In other words, it is the period of time at the end of which a machine, facility, or other investment has produced sufficient net revenue to recover its investment costs. We can apply the values to our variables and calculate the discounted payback period for the investment. By including the value of upgrades, downgrades, and churn of customers within their payback period, you get a more accurate picture of actual revenue, and so a more accurate payback period reading. If the NRR rate is above 100%, it should follow that your customers are becoming profitable sooner. Efficient companies are closer to 5 months (or less), while companies lower-performing companies are closer to the 12 month timeframe for payback.

CAC Payback Period = Customer Acquisition Cost / Revenue – Average Cost of Service

At this point, 80% of the CAC is paid back, meaning the CAC ratio is 80%. A speedy return may not always be the priority of a business because long-term investments are also rewarded in many ways. Examining the payback period is helpful to identify several investment opportunities that may be available. On the other hand, payback period calculations can be so quick and easy that they’re overly simplistic. There are some clear advantages and disadvantages of payback period calculations.

payback period formula

Many managers and investors thus prefer to use NPV as a tool for making investment decisions. The NPV is the difference between the present value of cash coming in and the current value of cash going out over a period of time. In this case, the analyst must estimate the payback period using interpolation, as the examples and here and in the next section illustrate.

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Others like to use it as an additional point of reference in a capital budgeting decision framework. Premier Business Analysis Books and ResourcesFind the premier business analysis Ebooks, templates, and apps at the Master Analyst LLC Accounting: Everything You Need to Know Shop. Finish time-critical projects on time with the power of statistical process control tracking. The Excel-based system makes project control charting easy, even for those with little or no background in statistics.

payback period formula

One limitation is that it doesn’t take into account money’s time value. This means that it doesn’t consider that money today is worth more than money in the future. The payback period value is a popular metric because it’s easy to calculate and understand. However, it doesn’t take into account money’s time value, which is the idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future. To figure out how to calculate the payback period in practice, divide the project’s actual cash spent by the net cash inflow generated each year. When calculating the https://accounting-services.net/small-business-bookkeeping-basics/, you can assume that the net cash inflow is the same each year.