07 Oct 2021

8 Best Tools to Easily Run CI CD Tests for 2023 with Free Trials!

The SpecFlow framework integrates with tools like Selenium WebDriver for testing Web UIs and RestSharp for testing REST APIs to exercise vital pathways for thorough app coverage. SpecFlow’s dependency injection mechanisms are solid yet simple, and the online docs are thorough. Plus, SpecFlow is an open-source project, so anyone can look at its code to learn how things work, open requests for new features, and even offer code contributions. A feature file created for writing the test scenarios. This file contains the name of the feature to be tested, test scenarios and when to execute the test scripts.

Open the project and verify if there are no code files/feature files that are missing. Since we have not yet updated to the latest version of SpecFlow, hence the project should still compile and build. SpecFlow and SpecFlow.NUnit are the base packages that are required for any type of C# project on SpecFlow and NUnit test framework. BDD uses an outside-in https://www.globalcloudteam.com/ approach where the acceptance tests are designed based on business behavior rather than technical implementation. The advantage of this development approach is that the language being used is ubiquitous in nature and can be easily understood by technical, as well as non-technical personnel. Outside-in development combines the best of both worlds i.e.

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The above example makes use of the most frequently used keywords in Gherkin i.e. The other keywords used in Gherkin feature files are – Feature, Scenario, And, and But. A scenario outlines how a particular feature should behave with different types/values of input parameters. Gherkin is a domain-specific language using which you can come up with scenarios that describe business behavior, without getting into the technical implementation.

automated software testing with specflow

In the above example, the user should enter the search term – LambdaTest in the search box. Given – Given in Gherkin is akin to Arrange in a unit test. It describes a set of pre-conditions for the scenario. In the above example, the precondition is that the user should be on the DuckDuckGo home page.

BDD in C# – using Specflow (Cucumber) to develop a REST API and automate software testing

If you’re working within an enterprise-level environment, you may consider using solutions such as Ranorex Studio or Katalon for automated UI testing. Alternatively, if you need to perform security testing, you may consider using Checkmarx or ThreatModeler, depending on your specific testing needs. Finally, suppose your testing / QA team already has substantial coding know-how. In that case, you might consider using a framework solution such as Selenium or even Specflow for more outstanding testing capabilities.

automated software testing with specflow

The team chose SpecFlow to be the core framework for Boa tests. Since the PrecisionLender app’s backend is developed using .NET, SpecFlow was a natural fit. SpecFlow’s Gherkin syntax made tests readable and understandable, even to product owners and product support specialists who do not code.


Upload employee and company specific documents, order MVR and PSP reports, file UCR, BOC-3 and much more. If the feature file is completed with what is specflow tags and a meaningful feature title, the corresponding step file can be created. Right click the Folder and then select , [New Item…], , .

Quickly see on a map where your trucks went out of the route. In the step files that specifically belong to a feature file, always work with scoped binding. But also remember that the scope will be lost if the feature title is renamed. Since SpecFlow can use different unit testing frameworks to execute the SpecFlow tests, the SpecFlow projects have to be either Test Projects or a simple Class Libraries. A home to software testing, electronics circuits & projects, tips and tricks and digital diary. A distinct advantage of BDD tools it has the option of generating suggestions for writing test scripts.

Implementation of SpecFlow

For recurring steps that are required in all or most features, a hooks file can be created. This must NOT have scoped binding and will be seen by all feature files. Feature Files – As the basic premise of BDD is to come up with easily understandable tests without focusing on the technical aspects, the feature files are written in the Gherkin language.

  • Reusable, modular, and maintainable automated tests can be created using BDD.
  • In this section of the SpecFlow tutorial for automated testing with Selenium, we will look into using SpecFlow 3 with Selenium WebDriver for various scenarios of automated browser testing.
  • If the behaviors are described in Gherkin, the necessary glue code must be written.
  • In addition, both the Runtime Engine and all other premium features have a free trial available on the website.

Each team works towards a common goal i.e. success of the rollout, which totally depends on the quality of work done. You don’t need to have coding knowledge while writing tests using the BDD approach, all the tests are written in simple English language. Based on our record, SpecFlowseems to be more popular. We are tracking product recommendations and mentions on various public social media platforms and blogs. They can help you identify which product is more popular and what people think of it. Document your test cases with preconditions, steps, and expected results; attach files and screenshots, and customize fields according to your needs.

SpecFlow automation testing

I hope this SpecFlow tutorial gave you good insights about using SpecFlow with Selenium, C#. Share your thoughts about this SpecFlow tutorial below. Now that the Code Binding is complete in this SpecFlow tutorial, we compile the project to check if there are any Build Errors. Once the compilation is done, we execute the tests by triggering “Run Tests” for the selected test. The same approach is followed for all the other Step Definitions where the equivalent code is added corresponding to the task that is to be done in the Step Definition. For better organization of the code, we create two folders – Features and StepDefinitions .

automated software testing with specflow

In this file, all the Browsers are defined to use later. How BrowserStack works, especially the BrowserStack local, you can read on the original documentation of Browserstack. Simplify and speed up the DevOps process with Azure DevOps services.


We will get into detail in the later sections of this SpecFlow tutorial for SpecFlow Selenium C#. We will start by creating the most interesting part, adding scenarios in the feature file, using the Gherkin language. Specflow is the most general of the solutions available in this article and is a framework that can cover a broad spectrum of functions. However, it relies upon integrating other systems, and for CI/CD integration, you’ll need to incorporate elements of the Specflow+ Living Doc to automate testing properly. In addition, it Includes an in-depth object inspection tool and can allow you to produce recorded testing parameters that automatically adjust based on intelligent object detection methods.